CHINA FINANCIAL RESEARCH NETWORK
2010-08-26 第3卷 第5期
University of BathSchool of Management
University of WollongongSchool of Accounting and Finance
Kailan Cai University of BathSchool of Management
Numerous studies have focused on the theoretical and empirical aspects of corporate capital structure since the 1960s. As a new branch of capital structure, however, debt maturity structure has not yet received as much attention as the debt-equity choice. We use the existing theories of corporate debt maturity to investigate the potential determinants of debt maturity of the Chinese listed firms. In addition to the traditional estimation methods, the system-GMM technique is used to explicitly control for the endogeneity problem. We find that the size of the firm, asset maturity and liquidity have significant effects in extending the maturity of debt employed by Chinese companies. The amount of collateralized assets and growth opportunities also tend to be important. However, proxies for a firm’s quality and effective tax rate apparently report mixed or unexpected results. Debt market and equity market conditions are also examined in relation to corporate loan maturity. The system-GMM results show that market factors seem to influence debt maturity decisions. Finally, corporate equity ownership structure has also been found to have some impact on debt maturity mix.
Xiaofei Pan University of WollongongSchool of Accounting and Finance
This paper investigates pay dispersion and its effects on firm performance in China’s listed firms. Due to weak investor protection and an inefficient legal system, China is expected to have a lower level of corporate governance. In this weak institutional environment, we argue that awarding sufficient power and high pay to CEOs is helpful to increase firm performance. Using data from 2002 to 2007, we find that pay dispersion is related to tournament incentives and agency factors. Importantly, we find evidence that pay dispersion is positively related to firm performance which is consistent with our primary hypothesis. In addition, the relation is more positive when the firm is controlled by the state. Our results are robust to corrections for endogeneity between pay dispersion and firm performance and to several alternative measures of pay dispersion and firm performance.
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