In China's labor market, there is a phenomenon that enterprises choose whether to provide "social insurance and housing fund" to laborers autonomously. This paper use micro-data from two leading Internet recruitment platforms and empirically finds that in a labor market with double-side information asymmetry, "social insurance and housing fund" is not only a cost but also a signal. Providing workers with "social insurance and housing fund" can both send a signal of stable operation to the labor market and identify high-quality workers for enterprises. With an instrument variable of local average social security payment rate, this paper excludes the endogenous effect of labor supply on wages while the signaling effect above is still significant. In addition, "housing fund" has a stronger signaling effect than "social insurance", and the strength of the two signaling effects is affected by the scale of the enterprises and the level of local payment rates. This paper also introduces a theoretical framework of two micro-mechanisms — signaling and screening — into the analysis. In terms of policies, this paper proposes to strengthen the information disclosure and the propagation of social security payment, and further reduce the financial burden of enterprises.
XIAOBIN HE ;
JINGLEI HUANG ;
YAO HOU ;
Costs or Signals: The Role of "Social Insurance and Housing Fund" in the Labor Market （2023年01月19日）http://www.cfrn.com.cn//lw/gsjr/zfzcyjggsjrlw/32cbc1d6c246493cac224182923f4682.htm